A former senior politician once told me that Somalis are divided into 3 groups. I have expanded it to 4 and elaborated it.
Somalis are presently divided into 4 cohorts:
1) The first group are those whom have physically endured life under the colonial administrations experienced the emotional and psychological cost to attain freedom/independence. This group vehemently strived against the post-independence civilian administrations for the mere fact that they represented neo-colonialism. They occupied most of the government seats during the 1960-1991 administrations. Somali nationalism was slowly emerging albeit in its infancy. Their common enemies were the colonial powers.
2) The second group are those whom experienced their early adulthood during the early phases of the military government, they represent those who have not witnessed colonialism but have been imbibed with doses of Somali nationalism, the evils of colonialism/imperialism, raised with socialistic principles and rediscovered a connection to our traditional ways. Somali nationalism was at its all-time high. Their common enemies were Ethiopia and Kenya
3) The third group are those whom experienced the latter part of the Kacaan. They are those who had to witness the country crumbling in front of their eyes. Virulent corruption, dwindling patriotism, mutinies, internal conflict and a weakened government rife with its internal power struggles. This group saw their country losing cohesion. Somali nationalism was severely dwindling. Their common enemy was within themselves.
4) The fourth and final group are those whom never have experienced the tribulations of colonialism/neo-colonialism and were never taught its dreadful signs. They represent those who fled the country as youngsters, were born in the diaspora and the generation that could not escape the brutal civil war and as a result were numbed by its devastating effects. Because of their oblivious attitude; they fail to distinguish between the hand that guides them and the hands that grabs them by the collar and tells them to shut the hell up and do as you are told. Inheriting the clannish attitude of the third group, they seem to lack a common enemy and consider every foreign friend and foe as a worthwhile partner whilst scrutinizing the steps of their fellow countrymen. An enthusiastic yes-generation with a direct or indirect connection to foreign powers.
Finally, he mentioned that Ethiopia is patiently awaiting for the first two groups to silently expire as they represent an era that was hostile to Ethiopia and were indoctrinated to resist anything that is not favourable to their country (Somalia). As a result, they are in the midst of training a class to extend their patronage. A docile group that naively presumes that our neighbouring countries have our interest at heart.
No sovereign nation can survive without a common enemy and Somalia in its present state is without “enemies”